CURRICULUM

SPANISH

Spanish Curriculum Intent

Modern Foreign Languages empowers students to communicate successfully in the target language. They learn to appreciate the importance of languages in a rapidly changing global society and the diverse culture and customs of others. Our curriculum embeds and builds upon prior knowledge, raising students’ confidence to become successful linguists and develop a life-long love of languages.

KEY STRANDS

Self & Family

This strand is the centre of our year 7 curriculum, with students being able to describe their personality and physical appearance before building upon these foundations over the course of the 5 years, expanding to describe others and their wishes for their personal development in the future.

The year 7 curriculum is focused on enabling students to communicate effectively with peers of the same age from a Hispanic country, on topics that are age related and relevant to their current lives. Students begin by learning to describe their likes and dislikes, their school day, their school building. In KS4, these foundations are built upon by exploring the cultural differences between schools in Britain and schools in Hispanic countries such as Mexico, helping students to become globally understanding individuals.

School and Future Plans

Home & Town

This strand is introduced in year 8 to tie in with students gaining more independence as young teenagers. Students will be able to describe their own towns alongside learning about Hispanic towns and cities; map skills, climate, landmarks, traditions, and ways of life, allowing students to understand the differences between cultures and thus able to celebrate diversity. As students develop their grammatical skills, in KS4, this strand develops into raising aspirations for the future, looking at where they would like to visit or live in the future and comparing towns characteristics.

This strand retrieves, consolidates, and further expands the cultural and geographical knowledge learnt throughout the year 7 & 8 strands in a different context, showing the transferable nature of the language being studied. This strand is an excellent vessel through which students will learn transactional language that will support them in real life experiences such as shopping, booking tickets and asking questions.

Holidays

Healthy Living

As students get older, their interest in their own healthy lifestyle increases and this strand in year 9 enables students to explore health advice, debate pros and cons of certain diet preferences, and explain exercise benefits whilst looking at current news articles from around the world on these topics and Spanish speaking influential sportspeople.

This strand is introduced in KS4 due to the deeper level thinking skills required to explore the ever-important global issues that affect our students and will continue to affect future generations worldwide. Homelessness, charity work and volunteering are some of the social issues that are discussed developing students’ empathy and understanding of their surroundings. Causes and effects of natural and human disasters are taught environment by looking at case studies from around the Hispanic world and learning what we, as global citizens, can do to protect the environment.

Global and Social Issues

Festivals & Customs

This strand binds the curriculum together, opening the eyes of our students to cultural similarities and differences around the world and celebrating these. Students learn about how Christmas and other religious and non-religious festivals are celebrated in Spanish speaking countries. This aspect of learning Spanish allows for an appreciation of different cultures and broadens students’ horizons for their futures, inspiring a love of travel and trying new things.

Key Skills

Key Grammatical Skills

In order to communicate effectively in a language, it is imperative to be able to understand the use of grammar. Throughout the curriculum, grammatical skills are spiralled, giving students the opportunity to revisit the skill as well as further building upon it. During Year 7, students will be able to analyse sentence structure through understanding of gender of nouns, adjectival agreement, expressing opinions and justifying them. The present tense is used throughout Y7 to create a solid foundation for development in the future as it forms the basis of other tenses. As students’ linguistic ability and vocabulary broadens into Y8 and 9, the variety of tenses aligns. Students will learn to describe past events as well as their wishes for the future allowing them to develop their fluency and independence in language learning. In KS4, students will start to understand the grammar behind the more complex structures which are taught implicitly in KS3 to enable them to use them independently in their own writing.

Curriculum Structure

Mixed. The strands are interleaved throughout the curriculum and the grammatical skills are spiralled in years 7 – 11.

Year 7

Cultural introduction
Content
Students are introduced to the importance of studying a language and the transferable skills they will learn as well as to communicate in Hispanic. We study the geographical locations of the Francophone world and learn how to describe photos of the key cities of these countries. Students being by expressing their opinion and giving basic reasons.
Skills
Students are working on: Giving 1st person opinions + noun and basic reasons. Map skills.
TOPIC 1
Self
Content
Students study how to give their age and birthday and understand others. They learn how to describe their physical and character description as well as what they like to do in different weathers/ seasons.
Skills
Students are working on:
The conjugation of the verb ‘avoir’.
The conjugation of the verb ‘être’.
Adjectival agreement
Giving 1st person opinions + infinitive verbs
Topic 2
Sports
Content
Year 7 now build on their study of the topic of ‘self’ to learn about sports; what sports they like or dislike as well as sports popular and traditional in Spain and the Hispanic world.
Skills
Giving 1st & 3rd person opinions + infinitive verbs. Students are introduced to… The conjugation of the verb ‘jouer’. The conjugation of the verb ‘faire’.
Topic 3
School
Content
Students continue to be able to talk about their lives by learning the key vocabulary to describe their life at school; what they study, their favourite subjects, their uniform, and the school building. Students are introduced to cultural differences between the school day, rules and traditions in Spain and England.
Skills
Students are working on:
Giving 1st & 3rd person opinions + infinitive verbs.
The conjugation of the verb ‘jouer’, ‘faire’, ‘avoir’ and ‘être’.
The conjugation of the other ‘er’ verbs in the 1st person.
Adjectival agreement with masculine and feminine nouns.
The phrase ‘il y a’ = there is
Introduction to modal verbs ‘pouvoir’ = to be able to
Topic 4
Family
Content
In this topic, students will learn extended family members, animals and be able to consolidate physical and character description studied earlier in Year 7. Furthermore, culturally, students will be introduced to famous Spanish families.
Skills
Students continue to work on:
Physical and character description
Adjectival agreement
Conjugation of the verb ‘avoir’
Students are introduced to:
Opinions + nouns
3rd person opinions
Topic 5

Year 8

Town
Content -
Students begin year 8 by exploring further into towns in Spain, learning about their geographical characteristics and how to describe them and transfer this knowledge to be able to describe places they know themselves in England. Over the course of Year 8, students are equipped with transactional language to use in practical situations starting with directions in this topic.
Skills -
Students are working on
The preposition ‘in’
1st and 3rd person opinions + infinitive verbs
The phrase ‘il y a’ = there is
Continuation with modal verbs ‘pouvoir’ = to be able to
TOPIC 1
House
Content
Students study how to describe their home, and what they like to do in there. Students are also introduced to describing their TV and film preferences. The topic is revisited at the end of Year 8 when the conditional tense is introduced enabling students to describe their dream home.
Skills
Students are working on:
1st and 3rd person opinions + reasons
The phrase ‘il y a’ = there is
Continuation with modal verbs ‘pouvoir’ = to be able to
Conditional tense – ‘Je voudrais’ + infintiive verbs
Topic 2
Y7 Retrieval fortnight
Content
In order to build confidence and to ensure the most progress is made by our students, we believe it’s important to allow time in the curriculum to recap and consolidate vocabulary and grammar that is required. Therefore, this is a fortnight that responds directly to the needs of the students at this time.
Topic 3
Holidays
Content
This topic is a great opportunity for students to further learn about the Hispanic word; covering locations such as Mexico, Argentina and Cuba. This study focuses on more transactional language such as money exchange, clothes shopping and buying tickets. Students learn how to describe their holiday covering subtopics such as transport, accommodation, and activities.
Skills
Students are working on:
Conditional tense – ‘Je voudrais’ + infintiive verbs
The preposition ‘to’
There is + where you can + infinitive verbs Gerund (whilst)
Topic 4

Year 9

Healthy Living
Content -
Year 9 begins with students learning more about traditional Spanish foods and develops to enable them to explore health advice, debate pros and cons of certain diet preferences, and explain exercise benefits whilst looking at current news articles from around the world on these topics and Spanish speaking influential sportspeople.
Skills -
Students are working on:
The verbs ‘to eat’, ‘to drink’ + partitive article
Modal verbs + infinitive
Future tense introduction
TOPIC 1
Making Plans
Content
Students now build upon their knowledge of vocabulary covering food, films, and music in a transactional setting appropriate to their age. This topic enables students to make plans and ask questions. This is a topic that allows students to consolidate the previous topics of directions, town, food and drink, films, TV, physical and character description.
Skills
Students are working on:
The near future tense
Conditional tense
Opinions and reasons
Modal verbs + infinitive verbs
Past tense
Comparisons and superlatives
Topic 2
Family
Content
Students deepen their knowledge of this topic using the variety of grammar they have covered over the three years. Students learn how to discuss their joint hobbies, what they believe are the key qualities of a good friend and develop further complex reasons to articulate their opinions in more detail giving them more autonomy.
Skills
Students are working on:
Reflexive verb conjugations
Complex reasons – reflexive
Comparisons and superlatives
Modal verbs
Imperfect tense
Topic 3

Year 10

Home & Town
Content -
Students begin Year 10 by exploring cultural traditions of Spanish Bilbao and Madrid. Students build upon prior knowledge of the town topic, learning about the environmental issues in their local area and comparing these with other towns. Students learn about Spanish cinema and discuss famous actors and films.
Skills -
Students are working on:
Conjugation of ‘er’ regular verbs
Negative structures
‘depuis’ + present tense
Imperfect tense
Conditional tense
Revision of adjectival agreement
Noun possession
TOPIC 1
Global Issues
Content
Students debate which environmental issues are the most serious and how they can contribute to a world which must try to alleviate them.
Skills
Students are working on:
Debate openers
Topic 2
Festivals
Content
Students learn more about Spanish traditions and students further deepen their skills to debate by discussing the arguments for & against marriage. Students also learn about the similarities and differences of how countries celebrate Christmas. Students are introduced to countries own particular traditions, from La Tomatina, El Día de los Muertos & San Fermín.
Skills
Students are working on:
Revision of key tenses
Boire/ manger + partitive article
Reflexive verbs
Je viens = I have just
Higher tier – ‘after having done sth…’
Topic 3
Hobbies
Content
Students learn about the traditional sports in Spain can express which they would like to try if they were able to. The pros and cons of team sports are highlighted and characteristics of being a good sportsperson are explored.
Skills
Students are working on:
Subjunctive set phrases
Revision of ‘jouer’ & ‘faire’
Topic 4
Holidays
Content
This period of study allows students to further develop their transactional language by being able to make reservations and make a complaint. Students learn more about dream holiday locations in the Hispanic world and where they would like to go as well as reflecting on past holidays.
Skills
Students are working on:
Past & imperfect tenses
‘if’ clauses & conditional tense
Alternative sentence starters of conditional tense
Higher tier – pluperfect / conditional perfect
Subjunctive verbs
Topic 5
School
Content
Students build upon content covered in KS3, giving complex opinions and reasons as well as considering whether school rules are just and are able to debate the pros and cons of uniform. Students learn about the stresses of school life and how to manage these. They are able to reflect on their school experiences from primary to secondary and how it has shaped them. Students will understand how geographical location, economic factors and climate affect education around the world.
Skills
Students are working on:
Modal verbs + infinitives
Opinions + reasons
Debate phrases
Topic 6

Year 11

Healthy Living
Content -
Students learn how to give deeper advice on a healthy lifestyle.
Skills -
Students are working on:
3rd person verbs using ‘on’
Revision of weather
TOPIC 1
Technology
Content
Students debate the advantages and disadvantages of social media in order to help them to be safe internet users.
Skills
Students are working on:
Infinitive phrases such as ‘it is easy to…’
Topic 2
Festivals
Students learn about Spanish festivals including San Sebastien Film Festival & Fira de santa lluciá.
Skills
Students are working on:
Cultural understanding
Topic 3
Schools & Jobs
Content
Students build further on what they have learnt about school over the past five years, and now look forward to what they would like to do after school. Future plans such as college, apprentices, university, work experience, gap year and jobs are discussed and students are helped to articulate their hopes.
Skills
Students are working on:
Imperfect tense
Future tense (near vs simple)
Alternative ways to introduce the future tense
Higher tier: Before doing…
Subjunctive
Topic 3
Global Issues
Content
Students learn about the problem of a lack of drinking water in the Hispanic world, learning about the reasons behind the problem. They look at how their actions can impact this and quick ways in order to save water in day to day life.
Skills
Students are working on:
Modal verbs.
Topic 3
Holidays
Content
Students learn how to book excursions abroad. Further building on from previous learning episodes on the topic of holidays, students learn how to explain disaster holidays and make complaints.
Skills
Students are working on:
The pronoun ‘y’
Conditional tense
Imperfect tense vs past tense
Higher Tier: pluperfect tense and conditional tense
Topic 3